Why September 5th is Chosen to Celebrate Teachers’ Day: Exploring History, Significance, and More


National Teachers’ Day 2023 (September 5): The Significance and Ways Schools and Government Pay Tribute to Educators – All You Need to Know

“Teachers’ Day: Commemorating Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s Legacy

Every year, on September 5th, India celebrates National Teachers’ Day, marking the birth anniversary of the esteemed philosopher and scholar, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. This day serves as a tribute to his remarkable contributions and achievements in the field of education. Dr. Radhakrishnan’s journey to academic excellence was a testament to his dedication and commitment.

He pursued his entire education with the support of scholarships, eventually earning a master’s degree in Philosophy. In 1917, he authored the renowned book ‘The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore.’ Dr. Radhakrishnan also held prestigious positions, serving as the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936 and later as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1939, succeeding the eminent Madan Mohan Malviya. He continued to impart knowledge at Chennai’s Presidency College and Calcutta University.

In 1954, in recognition of his exceptional contributions, Dr. Radhakrishnan was bestowed with the Bharat Ratnam, India’s highest civilian award. Additionally, he was admitted as an honorary member of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963.

The Origin of Teachers’ Day in India: The tradition of celebrating Teachers’ Day on September 5th has a fascinating origin. During his tenure as the second President of India in 1962, Dr. Radhakrishnan’s students approached him with a request to celebrate his birthday as a special day. However, in a humble gesture, Dr. Radhakrishnan proposed that September 5th be observed as Teachers’ Day instead. This transition was his way of honoring the invaluable role of teachers in shaping society.

Today, Teachers’ Day serves as a poignant reminder of the importance of educators and their contributions to society. Schools across the nation mark this day with various cultural events where students express their gratitude to their teachers through songs, dances, plays, poems, and more. It is common for senior students to emulate their teachers, taking over classes for a day.

The government also participates in this celebration by conferring ‘National Awards to Teachers’ upon selected educators. In a recent instance, President Droupadi Murmu presented these awards to exceptional teachers from various states. These accolades recognize the remarkable impact teachers have on the lives of their students and the community.

The Ministry of Education plays a pivotal role in organizing an annual ceremony at Vigyan Bhawan on September 5th to confer these prestigious awards to the nation’s finest educators. These awards are granted through a stringent and transparent selection process, reaffirming the significance of educators in shaping the future of the country.”

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